English French German Italian Portuguese Russian Spanish

Lesson 22 | And or get

In this lesson, you’ll learn some simple changes to very common words and phrases. You’ll be introduced to the changes very briefly, so that you have heard and understand them, and then you can practice using them on your own.

You’ll learn the changes that I make in conversation when I say:

And

Or

Because

Get

Don’t

Let’s get started.

The word “and” is reused so frequently that I sometimes shorten it to the sound “un.” Listen for the word “un” in this sentence.

I went ta the store un bought a plant.

I went ta the store un bought a plant.

Listen

It was big un green.

Read

It was big un green.

play video

Exercise 1

play video

Here’s a final conversation, listen for the changes that you learned.

I thought we were leavun now.

Gimme a minute. I gotta find my keys.

You oughta keepum in your pocket.

Lemme think a second, they shoulda been right here.

There they are on the floor, they musta dropped off the table.

Exercise 2

play video

Now read these sentences quickly saying them as you would in a conversation.

Let me go buy some milk and bread.

I want to come and see you.

She laughed and walked away.

I ought to go and talk to her.

Give me a minute and then come back.

Read and Change

Just for some last practice, say these phrases using “un” instead of “and.”

Black and blue

Slow and easy

Wet and cold

Hot and humid

Sick and tired

Exercise 3

play video

The word “or” is changed slightly to the sound like “ur.”

Listen

Win ur go home.

Win ur go home.

Listen

I didn’t have a choice.

It was take it ur leave it.

Did you call ur talk to him?

I sawim at 1 ur 2 o’clock.

Exercise 4

play video

For practice, read these phrases slowly.

Win ur lose.

All ur nothing.

Right ur wrong.

True ur false.

You ur me.

Repeat (reading)

Now read these sentences quickly as you would in conversation.

I didn’t know if I ought to laugh or cry.

Keep quiet or lose your job.

I’ve got to find it or buy a new one.

I should have emailed her or called her.

I ate one or two just to try them.

Exercise 5

play video

I often use the word “because” in conversation.

I didn’t go because I was tired.

But when I speak in conversations, I often shorten it just slight to th word “bcuz.”

I didn’t go bcuz I was tired.

And then in conversations, I often shortened it even more to the single sound “cuz.”

I didn’t go cuz I was tired.

I didn’t go cuz I was tired.

He didn’t stay because he was sick

He didn’t stay cuz he was sick.

Read

He didn’t stay cuz he was sick.

Exercise 6

play video

For practice, read these sentences slowly.

He left cuz he was angry.

He left cuz he was cold.

He left cuz he was tired.

He left cuz he was worried.

He left cuz he was upset.

Repeat (reading)

Now read these sentences quickly.

He left cuz he was angry.

He left cuz he was cold.

He left cuz he was tired.

He left cuz he was worried.

He left cuz he was upset.

Exercise 7

play video

I frequently use the word “get” in conversations.

I didn’t get home till 10 o’clock.

But when I say it quickly in conversations, I change it to “git.”

Listen

I didn’t git home till 10 o’clock.

I didn’t git home till 10 o’clock.

Listen

I didn’t git tired at all.

Read

I didn’t git tired at all.

Exercise 8

play video

For practice, read these questions slowly.

Didja git angry?

Didja git cold?

Didja git tired?

Didja git worried?

Why didja git upset?

Repeat (reading)

Now read these questions quickly.

Didja git angry?

Didja git cold?

Didja git tired?

Didja git worried?

Why didja git upset?

Exercise 9

play video

In conversations, you often use the word “don’t.”

I don’t get tired.

However, when I say it quickly in conversation, I change it to the sound “don.” Listen for the word “get” in this sentence.

I don’t git tired.

Listen

I don work on Tuesdays.

Read

I don work on Tuesdays.

Exercise 10

play video

For practice, say these sentences slowly.

I don like coffee.

I don like work.

I don like pop music.

I don like pizza.

I don like winter.

Repeat (reading)

Now say these quickly quickly.

I don like coffee.

I don like work.

I don like pop music.

I don like pizza.

I don like winter.

Exercise 11

play video

Read these sentences making the changes you’ve learned.

Did you see that wild and crazy guy?

Did you drive or take the bus?

He left because he had to go home.

Did he forget his book?

They don’t come to work today.

Comment

play video

Congratulations, you’ve completed the last lesson of True Spoken English. During this course, you’ve learned a lot of changes that native-speakers use as they speak in normal conversation. These are changes that I naturally make when I’m having a conversation with friends.

Remember these aren’t written changes. Although I have written them here for you to see and to understand, that was just to help you. These changes are typically made in conversation, when I speak with others who speak English well.

There’s nothing wrong with making these changes in your conversation. But you must be able to slow down and use the complete and clear forms of saying them when someone doesn’t hear or understand you. English speakers, like me, use these two speeds of speech without even noticing them. So practice and listen for these changes on your own.

Final Conversation

play video

Here’s a final conversation, listen for many of the changes that you learned.

Listen to these sentences.

Do ya wanna go have dinner?

Sure, gimme a minute ta rest, okay?

Are ya tired?

Oh yeah, I just gotta sit down.

Whadja do all day?

Inventory. Lemme tellya it was boring.

Putcher feet up un rest. I’ll makeya some coffee.

I don want any coffee, thanks. Couldja git me a coke?

I shoulda stayed home. But whataya gunna do? Ya hafta work.

Gotcha. Ya goun inta work tamorrow?

Yeah, I gotta go cuz I gotta finish a coupla things.