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Lesson 20 | Must have

In this lesson you’ll learn changes that I make when I say,

Must have

Shouldn’t have

Wouldn’t have

Couldn’t have

Yesterday we went shopping for dolls.

We went into one store that was crowded with

Dolls and people.

There musta been hundreds of dolls to see.

Did you hear it? In this change

“Must have” changed to “musta.”

There musta been hundreds of dolls.

Listen

We stayed in the store a long time.

We musta been there an hour.

Read

We musta been there an hour.

play video

Exercise 1

play video

Say these sentences slowly for practice.

It musta been a good song.

It musta been a good band.

There musta been a café nearby.

There musta been 50 hairstyles.

They musta been there for an hour.

Repeat (Reading)

Now repeat these sentences quickly.

It musta been a good song.

It musta been a good band.

There musta been a café nearby.

There musta been 50 hairstyles.

They musta been there for an hour.

Exercise 2

play video

Say these sentences slowly for practice.

I musta left it at work.

I musta left it at home.

I musta left it at school.

I musta left it in my office.

I musta left it in my car.

Repeat (listening)

Now say these sentences again quickly.

I musta left it at work.

I musta left it at home.

I musta left it at school.

I musta left it in my office.

I musta left it in my car.

Exercise 3

play video

Let’s look back and review some of the changes you’ve learned.

Read these sentences. Then say them outloud quickly, making the changes you’ve learned for informal conversation.

I wanna go home.

I got a coupla tickets.

I’m gunna have a party.

Do ya wanna walk in the park?

I was gunna leave fer work.

Hes washun the dished.

I hafta find my keys.

Dya wanna run the 10K?

Willya have dinner with me?

Whatya gunna buy?

Whatcha doun?

Whenya goun ta the store?

Whadya hafta buy?

Kinya see the rabbit?

Kini stay here?

Whatkin I do fer ya?

Couldja stay longer?

Haveya seenim?

Kinya caller and teller?

I hadda get some exercise.

Didja hafta buy a new car?

Exercise 4

play video

Here’s another change that you should know.

I sometimes say “shouldn’t have.”

For example,

The peanut butter looked good.

I bought a gallon.

I shouldnna bought so much.

Did you hear it?

I changed “shouldn’t have” to “shouldnna.”

I shouldnna bought so much.

You can make this change with

wouldn’t have

couldn’t have

mustn’t have

Listen

If I’d had more money,

I wouldnna bought that car.

Sorry, I couldnna come earlier.

I don’t have my wallet,

I mustnna brought it.

Here are the sentences when spoken slowly and clearly.

I shouldn’t have gone to work.

I wouldn’t have bought that car.

I couldn’t have come earlier.

I mustn’t have brought it.

And here’s how they would sound in conversation.

I shouldnna gone ta work.

I wouldnna bought that car.

I couldnna come earlier.

I mustnna brought it.

Exercise 5

play video

Listen to and repeat these sentences.

He shouldnna gone home.

She wouldnna liked it.

I couldnna gone to work.

They mustnna come on time.

We shouldnna come taday.

Repeat (reading)

Read these sentences yourself.

He shouldnna gone home.

She wouldnna liked it.

I couldnna gone to work.

They mustnna come on time.

We shouldnna come taday.

Exercise 6

play video

Last, say these sentences as you would in informal conversation.

He should have stayed

He shouldn’t have gone home.

He shoulda stayed

He shouldnna gone home.

The movie was terrible.

She wouldn’t have enjoyed it.

The movie was terrible.

She wouldnna enjoyed it.

I was so sick.

I couldn’t have gone to work.

I was so sick.

I couldnna gone ta work.

They didn’t stop to talk.

They mustn’t have seen you.

They didn’t stop ta talk.

They mustnna seen you.

I felt terrible.

I shouldn’t have come today.

I felt terrible.

I shouldnna come taday.

Final Conversation

play video

Okay, listen to this conversation for the changes that you’ve learned.

What timeya go ta bed last night?

I musta stay up till 1.

You musta been tired in the morning.

Yeah, I shouldnna watched that movie. It was too long.

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